Dermatology New Glasgow - A rash on the skin is normally defined as a change to the skin in its texture, color or appearance. A skin rash can effect the entire skin or may be localized on one particular part of the body. Rashes could normally cause the skin to itch, become bumpy, dry, painful, blistered, cracked, warm or swollen. usually, rashes may cause the skin to change color. The causes and treatments for rashes differ considerably depending on the diagnosis. The diagnosis is formed by considering a variety of factors such as what the person's job is, the rashes' overall appearance, family history, what the individual may have been exposed to and various indications. The diagnosis could in fact confirm any number of health problems.
The rash could help to indicate certain associated symptoms and signs which are common to specific diseases. Measles for instance, can give a rash that is referred to as an erythematous, morbilliform, maculopapular rash. This normally presents itself a couple of days after the fever begins and classically it presents at the head and after that works its way downwards.
The most common causes of a skin rash include food allergies, anxieties, medicines, dyes and insect stings and bites. Jewelry made of zincs and nickels have been found to be allergens. Skin contact with an irritant often leads to hives. These raised portions of skin could become inflamed, itchy, red, swollen and painful. Rashes could likewise result from a reaction to vaccination, from a fungal infection like for instance ringworm, from sunburn or heat exposure, from friction because of chafing of the skin, and from skin diseases like acne or eczema.
A skin rash may likewise become present because of a viral or bacterial infection. For instance, the viruses that lead to chickenpox, smallpox, measles and cold sores could be distinct and uncomfortable. There are several uncommon causes of rashes including: lead poisoning, Lyme disease, pregnancy, autoimmune disorders like for instance psoriasis and of course repeated and frequent scratching on a specific area.
As there are so many possible causes of a rash, the evaluation could be rather hard. A health provider may need to do a completely thorough history to be able to get an accurate evaluation. Like for instance, what is the patient's job? Are they taking any type of medication regularly? Has the individual recently traveled to any exotic locations? Normally, a complete physical examination will help to determine the cause and origin of the rash.
Certain Factors to Include in the Examination Are:
When referring to the appearance of the rash, is it like for example purpuric, which is usual for vasculitis and maningococcal disease, or is it sandpaper and fine as found with scarlet fever? Is the rash consisting of plaques with silver scales that is usually seen with psoriasis? Or does the rash consist of circular lesions with a central depression, that is typical of small pox and molluscum contagiosum?
What is the distribution of the rash? Like for example with chicken pox, the vesicles usually follow the hollows of the body; therefore, they are most prominent along the depression of the spine on the back as well as in the hollows of both shoulder blades. The rash presented with scarlet fever becomes confluent and forms bright red lines in the skin creases of the neck, armpits and groins. These lines are called Pastia's lines. There are not many rashes which affect the soles of the feet or the palms of the hands, although this could be seen in rikettsia or spotted fever, secondary syphilis, mouth, hand and foot disease as well as guttate psoriasis and even in kertoderma blenorrhagica. The symmetry of the rash is another feature to think about. Like for example, herpes zoster often only affects one side of the body through an outbreak and does not cross the midline.
Usually, it is good advice not to scratch the rash. This is due to the scratching causing a spread of the rash. It can be tempting to gently rub the affected part so as to provide temporary relief but it is better to avoid contact with the affected parts completely.
Skin diseases can present symptoms anywhere on the body. Amongst the prevalent forms include Acne Vulgaris which consists of nodules, papules, pustules, comedones. This condition is usually found on the face, back and on the chest. Acne Rosacea is defined as an area of flushed appearance or redness, typically found on the nose, chin, cheeks or forehead. Boils are a skin condition which could occur anywhere as a cluster or series of red painful bumps or a red painful bump. Cellulitis can be found around a skin breach like for example in a scrape or cut. It presents as a red, swollen and tender part of skin. Insect bites could occur anywhere on the body and are found as itchy and red, usually swollen bumps on the skin.
Allergic reactions can visibly appear as raised, flat or irregular red sores which appear on the skin after ingesting or being exposed to some foods or taking medicine or drugs. Hives can occur anywhere. These are bumps that form all of a sudden and are often initially noticed on the face. Seborrheic Dermatitis is the definition of bumps and swelling that appear near glands. Cradle Cap is a condition on the scalp of recently new born babies which looks like scaly, dry skin. Irritant Contact Dermatitis is another condition that becomes a red, itchy or oily or scaly rash. It can be found on the edge of the scalp, nose, eyebrows or where the body is in contact with jewelry, clothing or perfume.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis is the allergic response to trees and bushes, like for example sumac, poison ivy and oak. On the patient, these may show as scaly, red, itchy or oily rash which could be leathery or weeping. Allergic Purpura could take place anywhere on the body and looks like small red dots on the skin or even bigger, bruise-like spots which appeared after taking medicine. Pityriasis Rosea could initially start with a single red, scaly, somewhat itchy spot. Within a few days, there may be large numbers of smaller patches of tan or red rash. This is found on the chest and abdomen part. Dermatitis Herpetiformis is a condition which comprises an intensely itchy rash along with red bumps and blisters, found on the buttocks, elbows, knees or back.
Other common kinds of rashes comprise: Erythema nodosum, warts, Chickenpox, Psoriasis, Shingles, Fifth Disease, Ringworm, diaper rash, Jock itch, yeast infection, Impetigo, Tinea versicolor, Scabies, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lupus erythematosus, and a lot more.
Depending upon the kind of rash the individual has, there are different treatment options accessible. Lots of skin rashes could be cured utilizing non-steroidal treatments such as salves made with aloe vera, sage, comfrey or tea tree oil. Other topical steroid creams such as hydrocortisone are prescribed. Various medications could be found over the counter and others can be specially blended from a Herbalist or Naturopathic Doctor.
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