Alternative Medicine New Glasgow - The blood glucose level refers to sugar or glucose existing within the blood. The body maintains a regular range of blood glucose between 3.6 - 5.8 mM and also represented as mmol/L which literally translates to millimoles/liter. The range may also be measured as 64.8-104.4 mg/dL. As part of the metabolic homeostasis, the human body tightly regulates level of blood glucose.
Glucose is the body's primary energy source for its cells. What's more, blood lipids in the forms of fats and oils are primarily a compact energy store. The bloodstream transports glucose from the liver or intestines to body cells. The hormone insulin makes the glucose accessible for cell absorption. Insulin is mostly produced within the body by the pancreas.
For humans, the standard normal blood glucose level is practically 4mM or 4mmol/L or 72 mg/dL, which is in milligrams/decilitre. Throughout the day it is common for the blood glucose levels to fluctuate. Normally, glucose levels are lowest during the morning before breakfast. The reading is referred to normally as "the fasting level." Levels normally rise after meals for an hour or two. When levels of blood sugar fall outside of the standard range, this can be a sign of a medical situation. If the level is persistently high, it is called hyperglycemia and conversely, levels that are low are considered to be hypoglycaemia.
Persistent hyperglycemia is the main hallmark of Diabetes mellitus. This is the most prominent illness connected to failure regulate blood sugar. Severe stress, trauma, illness, myocardial infarction, stroke or surgical procedure can likewise result in temporarily elevated blood sugar levels. An initial rise in blood sugar can also take place due to alcohol drinking, although afterward it tends to cause levels to decline.
Hypoglycaemia develops when the blood sugar levels decline very low. The condition can be potentially fatal. Among the symptoms of hypoglycaemia comprise lethargy, impaired mental functioning, irritability, itching, shaking, and loss of consciousness, sweating, aggressive or paranoid mentality, and weakness in arm and leg muscles, pale complexion and perhaps even brain damage. Appetite is suppressed over the short term if levels remain too high. Amongst the long-term health conditions related with diabetes can take place as a result of long-term hyperglycemia. Health issues may include heart disease, nerve damage, and eye and kidney damage.
Low Blood Sugar
To be able to prevent really serious consequences of inadequate glucose, mechanisms which restore adequate levels of glucose post hypoglycaemia must be quick and effective. If not treated, hypoglycaemia could cause unsteadiness, confusion and in the extreme, coma. It is much more dangerous to have too little amounts of glucose in the blood than very much, at least on a temporary basis.
The blood glucose-regulating mechanisms within healthy individuals are usually somewhat effectual. Symptomatic hypoglycaemia is generally found just in those diabetics which utilize insulin or pharmacological treatment. The swiftness and severity of hypoglycaemic episodes can vary significantly between individuals. In severe instances, prompt medical assistance is needed instantly because brain damage and damage to tissues and possibly even death could result from significantly low levels of blood glucose.
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