Diabetes New Glasgow - The condition of Diabetes mellitus is more normally referred to simply as diabetes. They refer to a group of metabolic diseases wherein the sufferer has high levels of blood sugar. This can be caused by the body not being able to make sufficient insulin or can be a result of the cells in the body does not respond correctly to the insulin which is produced by the body. High blood sugar produces typical signs of increased thirst, called polydipsia, increased hunger, called polyphagia and frequent urination, called polyuria.
3 Main Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: This type results from the body's failure to produce insulin. Type 1 Diabetics should inject insulin into their body. This type is also called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or IDDM. It is also referred to as Juvenile Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: This particular type of diabetes results from insulin resistance. In this condition, the cells fail to use insulin properly. At times, insulin resistance is combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. This kind of diabetes is likewise referred to as adult-onset diabetes and non-insulin dependent diabetes or NIDDM.
Gestational Diabetes: This particular type of diabetes takes place in pregnant women, who had had diabetes before, and have a high blood glucose level throughout pregnancy. This form of diabetes may precede development for Type 2 Diabetes.
There are some other less common kinds of diabetes, including congenital diabetes, which is a result of genetic defects of insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, steroid diabetes induced by large doses of glucocorticoids and several types of monogenic diabetes.
During the year 1921, insulin became obtainable as a form of treatment. There are also drugs available to treat type 2 diabetes. Both type 1 and type 2 are chronic conditions that are generally not cured. In type 1, pancreas transplants have been tried with limited success. In many patients with morbid obesity and type 2, gastric bypass surgical procedure has been successful. Typically, gestational diabetes resolves itself as soon as the baby is born.
There can be complex complications if diabetics are not given the right treatments. For instance, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycaemia or nonketotic hyperosmolar comas are some of the acute health problems that can take place. Serious long-term health complications consist of: chronic renal failure, cardiovascular disease, and retinal damage. It is essential to implement lifestyle factors like for instance maintaining a healthy body weight, smoking cessation and blood pressure control, together with adequate treatment of diabetes in order to maintain a quality of life that is acceptable.
There were 171 million people reported all over the globe who have diabetes based on statistics. 171 million is roughly 2.8% of the population. Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common kind. This particular form affects as much as 95 percent of the United States population.
Signs and Symptoms
Frequent urination or polyuria, polyphagia or increased hunger and polydipsia or increased thirst are the most common and easily recognized indications of diabetes. Usually, indications develop rapidly in weeks or months with type 1 diabetes, whereas in type 2, they normally develop much more slowly and can be absent or really subtle.
Vision changes can happen due to lenses in the eyes changing shape from prolonged high blood glucose levels causing glucose absorption. Generally, sustained and sensible glucose control can return the lens to its original shape. Usually, blurred vision is among the complaints leading to diagnosis of type 1 diabetes and must be suspected in cases of rapid vision change. Type 2 diabetics usually have slower changes in their vision.
Type 1 can also present with abdominal pain, Kussmaul breathing, vomiting, altered states of consciousness and diabetic ketoacidosis. In type 2 diabetes a severe possibility due to the result of dehydration is hyperosmolar nonketotic state wherein the patient has been drinking large amount of drinks containing sugar like for instance pop. This can cause a vicious circle in regard to the water loss.
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